加賀藩十村役喜多家Kaga Domain Kita-ke

金沢から車で小一時間のところに、加賀藩十村役喜多家はひっそりと建っている。加賀藩十村役というのは慶長9年(1604)より施行された加賀藩の村支配を代行する村役人組織の頂点に立つ役職で、他藩でいう大庄屋にあたる。年貢のとりたて、藩の決まり事の連絡、地図作成、用水の管理、争いごとの裁判などを行った。

喜多家は源氏の名門、新田義貞の三男義宗の嫡流と伝えられ、初代が能登国羽咋郡北川尻(のとこくはくいぐんきたかわじり)に土着したのは寛永15年(1638)の事。十村役は寛政8年(1796)から三代に渡り務められた。

7000坪を超す広大な敷地。茅葺の重厚な十村役門と称される表門を入り、すり鉢のように低く下がった土地は、藩主や武士が泊まることもあったので建物が目立つことを避けるためと伝わっている。正面には主屋、主屋の西に道具倉、味噌倉が配置されており、主屋の座敷構成は十村役にふさわしい格調高いもので、敷地・表門・主屋・道具倉・味噌蔵は国指定重要文化財に指定されている。

また資料館には加賀藩からの拝領品など文化財が展示されていて、十村役の歴史、喜多家の代々の所蔵品の数々を見ることができる。鬱蒼とした森に囲まれた由緒あるこの屋敷の佇まいはこの地域の大自然とともに文化の一端を知ることのできる貴重なもの。現在は宝達志水町の所有となっているが、元の所有者の方がお屋敷の説明を丁寧にしてくださることもありがたい。ぜひ一度足を延ばして見られてはいかがでしょうか。

The Kaga Domain Kita Residence is situated quietly about an hour’s drive from Kanazawa. The Kita family was one of the Tomura-yaku of the Kaga domain. Tomura-yaku were the top village officials controlling the operations of the village on behalf of the domain, which came into effect in 1604. They were responsible for collecting tributes, announcing domain rules, making maps, managing water supplies, and judging disputes.

The Kita family is believed to be the legitimate lineage of Yoshimune Nitta, the third son of Yoshisada Nitta, a prominent member of the Minamoto domain, and the first generation to settle in Kitakawajiri, Hakui-gun, Noto Province, in 1638. The Kita family served as Tomura-yaku for three generations from 1796.

The site has a vast area of over 23,000 square metres. Going through the heavy front gate with a thatched roof called Tomura-yaku Gate, we see the low, mortar-like shape of the land. This is believed to have been designed to avoid the buildings standing out, as the feudal lords and Samurai sometimes stayed there. The main building is located at the front, and the tool storehouse and Miso storehouse are located to the west of the main building. The interior of the main building is built to a high standard befitting the family’s Tomura-yaku position. The site, the front gate, the main building, the tool storehouse and the Miso storehouse are designated as National Important Cultural Properties.

The archive centre has a collection of cultural assets on display, including items received from the Kaga domain, which show the history of Tomura-yaku and the Kita family’s collection over the generations.Surrounded by dense forest, the appearance of this historic house is a valuable insight into the culture and nature of the area. Although the house is now owned by the town of Hodatsushimizu, the original owners are happy to give a detailed tour of the house. Why not come and see it for yourself?

加賀藩十村役喜多家 Kaga Domain Kita-ke

〒929-1332 石川県羽咋郡宝達志水町北川尻 Kitakawashiri, Hodatsushimizu-cho, Hakui-gun, Ishikawa 929-1332 JAPAN

0767-28-3199